Physiotherapy, also referred to as physical therapy, involves evaluating, diagnosing, and treating a range of diseases, disorders, and disabilities using physical means. Practiced by physiotherapists or physical therapists, it is considered within the realm of conventional medicine. Methods for diagnosis can vary, depending on the situation, though physical examinations and testing are often employed for evaluation. Treatments can include a wide range of practices, including massage, applications of heat or electricity, and assistance with using mobility devices such as walkers and crutches.
We begin physiotherapy with an assessment of the patient’s condition. This typically includes a review of a patient’s medical history and a physical examination. Physiotherapists often consider the medical history review a subjective examination, since the patient’s opinions or past experiences may influence it. They consider the physical examination, however, to be more objective, as observable and verified symptoms are the primary concern. The assessment stage may, in some cases, involve diagnostic tests to better evaluate the patient’s condition and develop an effective treatment plan.
Once testing is complete, then we look at the results to determine the problems facing our patients. This can range from fairly minor issues, such as pulled or damaged muscles, to severe injuries or nerve damage that causes pain and lack of mobility.
Physiotherapy treats a variety of conditions, including but not limited to:
- Problems relating to poor ergonomics and posture that result in:
- Post operative rehabilitation for shoulders, necks, backs, knees and hips
- Sport related injuries
- TMJ/jaw problems
- Respiratory chest infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia
- Joint and muscular aches and pains
- Chronic pain
- SIJ problems
- Work related repetitive strain injuries
- Pinched nerves and disc injuries relating to the back
- Home visits for post operative patients and elderly patients